full NULL_IN_MESSAGES /\x00/ describe NULL_IN_MESSAGES Message has NULL characters. score NULL_IN_MESSAGES 0.5
The full rule type matches a regular expression against the full raw message. This means that no parts are decoded and the message is in the same format as it was received.
The body rules will perform checks on the body part of the message. This means that anything after the headers is included in the check.
body LOOK_FOR_SPAM /spam/ describe LOOK_FOR_SPAM Message has spam in it's text.
The body rule type matches a regular expression against extracted text of the message. The message is decoded and only the text parts are included when matching.
The message is:
- decoded and stripped of any headers
- all line break replaced with a single space
- all HTML tags removed
- subject headers prepended
rawbody LOOK_FOR_SPAM /spam/ describe LOOK_FOR_SPAM Message has spam in it's raw text.
A similar variant of this check is rawbody, which unlike body matches the regular expression against the raw body of the message, without decoding any parts or removing any HTML tags.
The message is:
- decoded and stripped of any headers
The header rule will match regular various regular expression only against one or more headers of the message. The body of the message is completely ignored.
The are generally defined in the following format:
header <rule identifier> <header name> <match operator> <regex>
Where the <match operator> can be either:
- =~ for positive matching, i.e. the rule matches if the regex matches
- !~ for negated matching, i.e. the rule matches if the regex doesn’t match
If a message has multiple headers with the same name, all headers are verified.
header LOOK_FOR_SUBJECT_SPAM Subject =~ /spam/ describe LOOK_FOR_SUBJECT_SPAM Message has "spam" in Subject.
Note that the check is done on the decoded version of the subject and not on the raw version. For example for a header like:
The check will be done on:
Subject: This spam is
For the header rules you can also append various modifiers to the header name. These will change the string on which the check is done.
The RAW modifier will perform the check on the raw header instead of the decoded version. Example:
header UTF8_ENCODED_SUBJECT Subject:raw =~ /^=?utf8?/ describe UTF8_ENCODED_SUBJECT Subject is encoded with UTF-8 score UTF8_ENCODED_SUBJECT -0.5
Taking the above example the regex is matched against the original header:
The ADDR modifier will perform the check on the address part of the header. Example:
header EXAMPLE_COM_SENDER From:addr =~ /@example.com/ describe EXAMPLE_COM_SENDER Message is from @example.com score EXAMPLE_COM_SENDER 4
The specified header is parsed and the email address is extracted before the check is performed. For a header like:
From: Alexandru Chirila <email@example.com>
The check will be performed on firstname.lastname@example.org
The NAME is similar to the addr modifier, but rather than checking the email address, the name of the user will be used. Example:
header EXAMPLE_COM_SENDER From:name =~ /Alex/ describe EXAMPLE_COM_SENDER Message is from Alex score EXAMPLE_COM_SENDER -4
Taking the above example the check is performed on the name instead of the full header (Alexandru Chirila)
Another modifier that can be prepended is the exists modifier. This will make the rule match if the message has at least one header with that name. Regardless of the header value.
Note that unlike the other modifiers this one is prepended instead of appended. Example:
header DKIM_EXISTS exists:DKIM-Signature describe DKIM_EXISTS Message has DKIM signature
Any header name can be used when matching. However there are a few special header names that will change the behaviour.
The ALL header name can be used to check all header of the message. Example:
header ONE_HEADER_WITH_SPAM ALL =~ /spam/ describe ONE_HEADER_WITH_SPAM One header had "spam"
The ToCc header name can be used to check all the To and Cc header of the message. Example:
header ONE_EXAMPLE_RECIPIENT ToCc =~ /@example.com/ describe ONE_EXAMPLE_RECIPIENT One recipient to @example.com
The MESSAGEID header name can be used to check various MessageID headers by a regular expression. Example:
header ONE_EXAMPLE_ID MESSAGEID =~ /example.com/ describe ONE_EXAMPLE_ID Message ID from example.com
The mimeheader rule is very similar to the header rule type, but unlike it, all the checks are done on MIME header instead of the regular message headers.
The only modifier available for the mimeheader is RAW. Examples:
mimeheader HAS_PDF_ATTACHMENT Content-Type =~ /^application\/pdf/i describe HAS_PDF_ATTACHMENT Message has pdf attachments mimeheader HAS_PDF_ATTACHMENT Content-Type:raw =~ /^application\/pdf/i describe HAS_PDF_ATTACHMENT Message has pdf attachments
The uri rules type will match regular expression on all URL extracted from the message. Example:
uri HAS_EXAMPLE_HTTPS /^https:\/\/example.com$/\ describe HAS_EXAMPLE_HTTPS Message has HTTPS link to example.com
The meta rules can be used to combine various rules in complex logic expression. This is usually used with rules that are not checked by default.
Operators that can be used in meta rules:
- && - and operator; matches if both expression match
- || - or operator; matches if at least one expression matches
- ! - not operator; matches if the expression doesn’t match
- () - parentheses can be used to group multiple expressions
# These rules are only checked as part of meta rules. header __DKIM_EXISTS exists:DKIM-Signature header __EXAMPLE_COM_SENDER From:addr =~ /@example.com/ uri __HAS_EXAMPLE_HTTPS /^https:\/\/example.com$/\ # The meta rules combine the above. meta NO_EXAMPLE_DKIM __EXAMPLE_COM_SENDER && !__DKIM_EXISTS describe NO_EXAMPLE_DKIM @example.com sender but no DKIM signature score NO_EXAMPLE_DKIM 5 meta EXAMPLE_URL_SENDER __EXAMPLE_COM_SENDER || __HAS_EXAMPLE_HTTPS describe EXAMPLE_URL_SENDER example.com in sender or URL score EXAMPLE_URL_SENDER 2 # We can even combine meta rules in other meta rules. meta NO_DKIM_AND_URL EXAMPLE_URL_SENDER && NO_EXAMPLE_DKIM describe NO_DKIM_AND_URL No DKIM signature and example.com URL score NO_DKIM_AND_URL 3.5
The eval rule type will simply call a registered evaluation function from a plugin and apply the score if function returns True. Example:
full PYZOR_CHECK eval:check_pyzor() describe PYZOR_CHECK Listed in Pyzor (http://pyzor.org/) score PYZOR_CHECK 5.0
See the specific plugins documentation for all the EVAL methods it exposes and any other relevant details.
When checking the method code reference ignore the msg and target parameters as those are passed by default to all eval methods.